4.2 — Writing an Empirical Paper — Class Content

Meeting Dates

Wednesday, November 2, 2022


Today we discuss the elements of a good empirical paper, with an eye towards your paper projects.

I highly recommend you look at my example repositories:

The first is one that I showed you back in class 1.5 when we talked about R Markdown and having a reproducible, plain-text, workflow. It has an example workflow setup that I recommend you follow: create an R project for your project, and organize all of your data, code, images, & text in this set of folders inside of your project.1 You can look at Example_paper.qmd to see my text and code in R markdown to write the paper, and look at Example_paper.qdf to see the final product.

The second is a quick and dirty example of what I am looking for in your paper project in this class, using the ongoing example of the effect of class size on test scores. You can also look at paper.qmd to see my text and code in R markdown, and paper.pdf to see the final product. Note that this is an example I put quickly together with minimal effort as an example for you all, it does not necessarily mean it is an “A” quality paper!

If you are using R markdown to write your final paper, you should consult class 1.5 again, along with the 1.5 “R practice” that deals with the workflow repository.


  • Ch. 5.1, 5.2, 5.4 in Bailey, Real Econometrics

R Practice

Today you will be finishing R practice problems on multivariate regression. Answers will be posted later on that page.


Problem Set 4 Due Fri Nov 11

Problem Set 4 is due by the end of the day on Tuesday, November 11.


Below, you can find the slides in two formats. Clicking the image will bring you to the html version of the slides in a new tab. The lower button will allow you to download a PDF version of the slides.

I suggest printing the slides beforehand and using them to take additional notes in class (not everything is in the slides)!


Download as PDF


  1. I also recommend you at least save this folder on Dropbox to keep it safe!↩︎